Although the month of Muharram is a sacred month as a whole, the 10th Muharram is the most sacred among all its days. The day is named 'Ashurah' and it is one of the most important and blessed days in the Islamic calendar.
According the Holy companion Ibn Abbas (RA), when the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam) migrated to Madinah, he found that the Jews of Madinah used to fast on the 10th day of Muharram. They said that it was the day on which the Holy Prophet Musa (AS) and his followers crossed the Red Sea miraculously, and the Pharaoh was drowned in its water. On hearing this from the Jews, the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam) said, “We are more closely related to Musa than you.” So the Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wassallam) directed the Muslims to fast on the day of Ashurah. (Abu Dawood)
The Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Observe the fast of Ashurah and oppose the Jews. Fast a day before it or a day after." (Baihaqi)
Hence, it is important to either fast on the ninth and the tenth or the tenth and the eleventh of Muharram. To fast only on the day of Ashurah is Makrooh.
One should also observe the fast of the 9th Muharram to safeguard his deed from resemblance with the Non-Muslims who fast only on the 10th Muharram.
Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (RA) said: "When Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) observed the fast of the day of Ashurah and ordered (his Companions) to fast, they said: `O Rasoolullah! It is a day revered (glorified) by the Jews and Christians.' Thereupon Rasoolullah said: "The coming year, if Allah wills (I remain alive), I will for surely fast on the ninth (also)." (Muslim)
The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) has exhorted and encouraged his Ummah to fast on this day. He said: "This fast is a compensation for the (minor) sins of the past year." (Muslim)
Insha'Allah the 10th of Muharram is on Monday 3rd November, so we must fast either Sunday and Monday or on Monday and Tuesday.
Let us observe this great day according to the ways of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) and the Sahabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum), and refrain from all innovations which deprive us of the blessings from Almighty Allah.
May Allah guide us all upon the Straight Path and save us from every act which brings His displeasure.
Jamia't Us-Salam is a mosque based in the Ward End area of Birmingham in the United Kingdom. The institution offers a range of Islamic Educational classes for both male and female students of all ages, including specialist Hifz-ul-Quran with Tajweed and Q'iraat classes. Over the years, the organisation has expanded significantly to meet the demands of the local community.
Currently there are plans to replace the current site with a modernised building. (Please visit the Donations page above to find out more about Bismillah Project and how you can help to build this Masjid). The achievements of Jamia't Us-Salam have been possible with the blessing of Allah (SWT) and the Du'aas and efforts of the local community. We pray that the support continues to grow and we all strive together as a unit to build the New Masjid and earn the pleasure of Allah (SWT).